Houses in multiple occupation (HMO)

See if you need an HMO licence

You need a licence for your HMO if  all of the following apply:

  • it accommodates five or more people across any number of floors
  • tenants form two or more households 
  • they share a toilet, bathroom or kitchen and
  • they share a living room where bedrooms are the minimum size.

The following properties also need a licence:

  • purpose-built flats of no more than two where tenants form two or more households and they share a toilet, bathroom or kitchen
  • a commercial property with purpose-built flats of no more than two, where at least one flat has tenants that form two or more households and they share a toilet, bathroom or kitchen

Purpose-built flats of three or more, such as a halls of residence, do not need a licence. 

If you are a registered provider of social housing, you may not need a licence. See the list of registered providers

If you're still not sure, you can check with our Licensing team.

Change of use

If you're in a HMO Article 4 direction area, you will also need planning permission to change the use of the property.

Check if you are in a HMO Article 4 direction area 

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